Highly cis-1,4 Selective Polymerization of Dienes with Homogeneous Ziegler-Natta Catalysts Based on NCN-Pincer Rare Earth Metal Dichloride Precursors
作者:Wei Gao, Dongmei Cui
关键字:aryldiimine NCN-pincer ligated,homogeneous Ziegler-Natta catalyst system, excellent cis-1,4 selectivities, Ln-Al bimetallic cations

The first aryldiimine NCN-pincer ligated rare earth metal dichlorides (2,6-(2,6-6H3R2NdCH)2-C6H3)LnCl2(THF)2 (Ln ) Y, R ) Me (1), Et (2), iPr (3); R ) Et, Ln ) La (4), Nd (5), Gd (6), Sm (7), Eu (8),Tb (9), Dy (10), Ho (11), Yb (12), Lu (13)) were successfully synthesized via transmetalation between2,6-(2,6-C6H3-R2NdCH)2-C6H3Li and LnCl3(THF)1~3.5. These complexes are isostructural monomers with two coordinating THF molecules, where the pincer ligand coordinates to the central metal ion in a κC:κN: κN′ tridentate mode, adopting a meridional geometry. Complexes 1-6, 9-11, and 13 combined withaluminum tris(alkyl)s and [Ph3C][B(C6F5)4] established a homogeneous Ziegler-Natta catalyst system, which exhibited high activities and excellent cis-1,4 selectivities for the polymerizations of butadiene (Tp) 25 °C,99.9%; 0 °C, 100%) and isoprene (Tp ) 25 °C, 98.8%). Remarkably, such high cis-1,4 selectivity almost remained at elevated polymerization temperatures up to 80 °C and did not vary with the type of the central lanthanide element, however, which was influenced obviously by the ortho substituent of the N-aryl ring of the ligands and the bulkiness of the aluminum alkyls. The Ln-Al bimetallic cations were considered as the active species. These results shed new light on improving the catalytic performance of the conventional Ziegler-Natta catalysts for the specific selective polymerization of dienes.