Copolymerization of ε-Caprolactone and l-Lactide Catalyzed by Multinuclear Aluminum Complexes: An Immortal Approach
作者：Lei Li； Bo Liu；Dongtao Liu；Chunji Wu； Shihui Li； Bo Liu and Dongmei Cui
关键字：aluminum complexes， binuclear structures，elemental analyses， immortal
A series of aluminum complexes LaAl2Me4 (1), Lb2Al4Me4 (2), and LcAl2Me4 (3) have been prepared from the reaction of AlMe3 with Salan- and Salen-type ligands (LaH2 = [2-OH-3,5-tBu2-C6H2CH2N(CH3)]2-(m-phenylene); LbH4 = [2-OH-3,5-tBu2-C6H2CH2NH]2-(m-phenylene); LcH2 = [2-OH-3,5-tBu2-C6H2CH═N]2-(m-phenylene)), respectively. All these complexes were characterized by NMR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and elemental analyses, with complexes 1and 3 adopting binuclear structures, while complex 2 being tetranuclear. In the presence of alcohol, the binuclear complexes 1 and 3 catalyzed controlled ring-opening homopolymerizations of both ε-CL and l-LA. In the copolymerization experiments, complexes 1 and 2 produced tapered copolymers of ε-CL and l-LA, while complex 3 was able to provide ε-CL-co–l-LA with tendentially random structure indicated by the average lengths of the caproyl and lactidyl sequences (LCL = 1.4; LLA = 2.6). Particularly, addition of excess alcohol into the catalytic system of complex 3established the first “immortal” copolymerization of ε-CL/l-LA, which accelerated the polymerization rates of both monomers and, thus, afforded random copolymers with predictable molecular weights and narrow molecular weight distributions.